Earlier shotguns used external hammers to cock the trigger springs. But even long after so-called “hammerless” shotguns were readily available many, many astute shotgunners still preferred a smoothbore with outside hammers – and ordered their “bespoke” side
by side shotguns with those hammers. I’m guessing at the date – but somewhere around the early 1980s thousands of these older hammer guns were brought in from England where they had been made – and the importers found a ready market for these storied masterpieces. One of the movers and shakers in this scenario was Houston’s Cyril Adams. There were others, of course, but Adams certainly had a lot to do with this importation of hammer guns – and with making them popular.
In old western movies you have probably seen some side by side hammer guns in action. . Usually called “coach guns,” that name was probably for their use in defending stagecoaches against bandits.
That is until now. CZ-USA, more noted for their outstanding bolt action rifles, has been importing shotguns from Turkey for several years now. Early on one of these imports was a so-called “coach gun,” this one with the exposed hammers and very short side by side barrels.
Lock up is typical for many side by side models – the barrels pivoting on a hinge pin – two bolts protrude forward from the bottom of the receiver upon closing – to engage two lugs milled into the bottom of the monobloc. Further, a lug built into the base of the monobloc snugs into a matching recess in the base of the receiver.